Department of Microbiology and Immunology was established in 2007 from the Institute of Microbiology and Immunology, Department of Hygiene and Food Technology. The Department of Microbiology and Immunology, which was established in 1990 by the Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Zoohygiene, is the historical basis of the present department. The head of the department since 1950 was prof. DVM. Augustín Sokol, DrSc. (1951 - 1980), prof. DVM. Ján Rosocha, CSc. (1980 - 1987), prof. DVM. Ivan Mikula, DrSc. (1987 - 2007), prof. DVM. Juraj Pistl, PhD. (2007 - 2015) and prof. DVM. Ľudmila Tkáčiková, PhD. (2015 - present). The Department of Microbiology and Immunology is divided into 2 institutes: Institute of Microbiology and Gnotobiology and Institute of Immunology. These institutes include 2 laboratories: Laboratory of Gnotobiology and Laboratory of Biomedical Microbiology and Immunology. The Department underwent extensive reconstruction in the period of 2007 - 2013 as well as a significant restoration of material and technical equipment thanks to the EU Structural Funds. Department of Microbiology and Immunology provides scientific, research and pedagogical work on the study of the properties of medically important microorganisms in relation to the immune system, diagnosis and prevention of infectious diseases.
Institute is focused on research tasks related to the bacterial and viral pathogens of animals, their diagnosis and prevention some of which are zoonotic. Part of the workplace is laboratory room equipped for work with genetically modified organisms. The institute of microbiology and gnotobiology also provides laboratory bacteriological diagnostics for UVMP clinics. Within the Laboratory of Gnotobiology using germ-free animals, the Institute also focuses on the area of prevention of serious diseases of livestock youngs by biotechnological and natural approaches based on new scientific concepts to ensure the production of safe and quality food of animal origin and reduction of the burden of the environment. The Institute of Microbiology and Gnotobiology provides the teaching of compulsory and compulsory obtional subjects in all four study programs (General veterinary medicine, Food Hygiene, Pharmacy, and Feed and Food Safety) as well as teaching in English. The Institute also provides a scientific background for the preparation of diploma theses of students and provides scientific education for PhD students. It is the guarantor of two study branches in the 3rd level of education: Microbiology and Virology.
The workplace is focused on the research and development of microbial and natural products for human and veterinary medicine based on new own scientific concepts.
The research activities of the Institute are focused on the impact of beneficial bacteria and substances of natural origin on animal immunity and intestinal microbiocenosis, especially in the prevention of infectious diseases without the use of antibiotics in order to produce safe and quality foods for human consumption. At present, the research focuses mainly on livestock species whose economic importance and breeding in the Slovak Republic are increasing, namely honey bees and fish. The Institute of Immunology provides the teaching of compulsory and compulsory obtional subjects in three study programs (GVM, Food Hygiene and Pharmacy) as well as teaching in English. The Institute also provides a scientific background for the preparation of students' diploma theses and provides the scientific education of PhD students and is a co- guarantor of the study branche: Immunology in the 3rd level of education. The part of Institute is a Laboratory of Biomedical Microbiology and Immunology, as a joint workplace of UVMP in Košice and the Institute of Neuroimmunology (NIU) SAS in Bratislava (created in 1996). This workplace is focused on research into host-pathogen interactions.
The Laboratory of Biomedical Microbiology and Immunology was founded in 1996. Two organizations, University of veterinary medicine in Košice and Institute of Neuroimmunology, Slovak academy of science, came together with a common goal “establishment of a sophisticated research unit in the field on immunogenomics and immunoproteomics”. LBMI is assuring the excellence in research and education. The research activities of the LBMI concern the exploration of host-pathogen interactions covering research activities like: a) effect of mutations in the genes of innate immunity on the susceptibility of the host to pathogens b) exploration of host specificity of pathogen and c) exploration of immune evasive mechanisms of pathogens. To achieve the goals state of the art techniques used in the LBMI are: different nucleic acid isolation techniques including isolation of genomic DNA, RNA as well as plasmid; nucleic acid amplification (NAAs) like end point PCR, real time PCR, multiplex assays, mutation detection techniques like SSCP, DGGE, high resolution melting (HRM) assays; direct DNA sequencing, gene expression assays like qRT-PCRs, transfection techniques, in-vitro recombinant protein design and production, protein-protein interaction assays like M2H, phage display, affinity ligand binding, pull-down assays and cell culturing techniques..